Introduction

  • Discontinuity of any bone in the body is a medical condition known as fractures
  • Generally, fractures are attributed to high stress or impact
  • At other times, osteoporosis, cancers, brittle bone diseases (osteogenesis imperfecta) may also be some relevant causes

Fracture Fast Facts:

  • Falls and accidents – some of the major causes of bone fractures
  • Treat fractures holistically to facilitate its natural healing process and to obtain optimum results
  • Treatment also depends upon the type of fracture
  • Contingent to the seriousness of the impact, fractures may take anywhere between 3 to 12 weeks to completely heal

fractures

Types

  • Fractures can be of various types depending on the severity of the force
  • Orthopaedics India administers treatments after assessing the cause and type of fracture

Avulsion fracture

  • Can occur anywhere in the body and yet can commonly affect certain areas
  • Fracture happens when a tendon or ligament pulls a piece of bone away

Compression fracture

  • Also known as crush fracture, the spongy bone is affected
  • For instance, osteoporosis in the frontal part of the vertebra may result in a compression fracture

Comminuted fracture

  • Bone shatters into multiple pieces – precisely three or more

Fracture dislocation

  • The bone joint has a fracture or one of the joints is dislocated

Impacted fracture

  • A fragment of the bone pierces into another leading to impacted fracture

Greenstick fracture

  • A part of the bone fractured – but not broken completely
  • Rest of the bone remains bendable
  • Greenstick fractures are most common amongst children since their bones are elastic and soft

Buckle fracture

  • Also called Torus fracture, the bone does not crack but gets deformed
  • Common amongst children

Hairline fracture

  • A type of stress fracture – bone sustains a small crack or severe bruising occurs within the bone
  • Can be hard to detect on routine x-rays due to partial fracture of the bone

Longitudinal fracture

  • Occurs along the axis of the bone – often called long bone fracture or traditionally – temporal bone fracture

Pathological fracture

  • Pathological features – cause attributed to an underlying disease or condition, which weakens bone

Stress fracture

  • Repetitive strains and stresses – known to cause stress fractures
  • Condition is extremely common among athletes

Oblique fracture

  • Generally, occur oblique across the long bone
  • More susceptible to angulation in the plane of the fracture

Spiral fracture

  • Also called torsion fracture, occurring due to twisting or rotation force
  • Categorized as a complete bone fracture depending upon bone breaking pattern
  • Transverse fracture
  • When a straight break occurs along the bone

Treatment at Orthopaedics India

  • Open fractures – considered as emergencies due to deep wound visibility through the skin
  • Immediate medical attention provided to such patients
  • A splint/cast provided to immobilize and stabilize the area
  • Consequently, this aids bone and ligament healing and protects the injured area
  • Pain control medications prescribed
  • Surgery imperative for certain types of bone breakages
  • Metal rods and pins used as internal fixtures
  • External fixture devices used along with rods and pins outside the body to hold the fragments of bone in place

Reach out to experts at Orthopaedics India for more information.