Introduction

  • Stem Cell therapy helps patients return to their daily work routine, play, and activities without the requirement of surgical intervention
  • Musculoskeletal problems and injuries can be debilitating and, in addition, considered as one of the leading global health issues
  • After over two decades of research stem cell and tissue reengineering technology is finally showing the way to managing compulsive injuries
  • Amidst many other non-surgical treatment modalities available, stem cells are, therefore, the most novel and effective

About Stem Cells

    • The human body contains different types of cells
    • In particular, stem cells come with the unique ability to transform themselves into specialized cells
    • Furthermore, these primarily replace the diseased or damaged tissues to form healthy ones

stem cell therapyProperties

  • Stem cells come with two distinctive properties:
    • Dividing again and again to make new cells
    • Transform into different cell types to provide body

Types

Embryonic stem cells

  • Pluripotent, can change to into cell of the body
  • These supply fresh cells to the embryo to create a baby

Adult stem cells

  • Multipotent, and above all, can modify themselves into a few cells of the body
  • These, therefore, can be haematopoietic or epithelial cells where they replace various cells in the blood and turn into different cell types for skin and hair, respectively

Induced pluripotent

  • Also called iPS cells – prepared in a lab; normal cells reprogrammed to develop into stem cells

Stem cells in orthopaedics

Benefits

  • Treatment with stem cells considered extremely safe
  • Because stem cells from the patient are harvested to be delivered to the affected area
  • One of the primary effects of the treatment is relief from symptoms of pain and palliation
  • Above all, it is a cutting-edge technology that shortens recovery time, increases mobility and avoids invasive surgery and medications

Conditions treated (to name a few)

Osteoarthritis

  • Stem cells administered locally aid in the successful regeneration of a crushed nerve
  • Mesenchymal cells in orthopaedic surgery
  • MSCs or Mesenchymal stem cells can develop into any mesodermal tissue
  • Therefore, regenerate cartilage, tendon, ligament, muscle, tendon or bone

Bone Trauma

  • When bone does not unite at all or if there is delayed union, due to trauma or infection, stem cells provide optimum healing
  • Tissue reengineering carried out with stem cell along with scaffolding agents bridge bone defects

Intervertebral disc degeneration

  • Mostly affecting the young, intervertebral disc degeneration is highly prevalent
  • Percutaneous stem cell injections maintain disc height thus preventing degeneration

Avascular necrosis

  • Disorder of the femur head, blood supply to bone decreases and intraosseous pressure increases
  • Stem cells with osteogenic properties, above all, help integrate the subchondral plate

Speak to expert orthopaedic surgeons at Orthopaedics India for non-interventional stem cell therapy.