Introduction

  • Injuries occur when you are exercising or engaging in a sporting activity
  • Some injuries may also occur due to too much training
  • Improper form or technique or lack of conditioning can lead to sports injuries
  • The types may include Strains, sprains, tears and broken bones
  • These include soft tissue injuries as well
  • Another potential type of sports injury is TBI or Traumatic Brain Injury
  • Some of the most common sites where sports injuries occur are:
    • Shoulder
    • Lower back
    • Hamstrings
    • Groin
    • Calves
    • quadriceps

Sports Injuries

Types

Muscle strain

  • A pulled muscle occurs when you overstretch the muscle, resulting in a tear
  • Consequently, symptoms include pain, weakness, swelling, and difficulty to use the muscle
  • RICE – is the best way to treat this – Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation
  • NSAIDs or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are administered to manage swelling and pain

MCL tear

  • Connecting to the upper femur or thigh bone, the MCL or medial collateral ligament, on the other side, connects to the lower leg or tibia
  • Located on the inner side of the knee, MCL tear may occur typically, when the knee joint pushes sideways
  • Also, this may occur when there is a direct blow to the knee
  • Symptoms specifically include swelling, pain, and instability of the joint
  • Surgery recommended when the structure of the MCL is torn severely

Torn ACL

  • The ACL or anterior cruciate ligament provides stability to the knee by holding it together
  • Sports injury to the knee might occur when you quickly change direction or just stop suddenly
  • A pop is heard before the knee loses functionality
  • Loss of range of motion, pain and swelling are commonly noticed with an ACL tear
  • Restore the functionality and strength of the knee through significant rehabilitation
  • Also, in certain cases, surgery may be advised

Stress fracture

  • When muscles are no longer able to absorb the impact from physical activity a stress fracture occurs
  • This type of sports injury is consequent to overuse of the joint
  • Most stress fractures are in the lower legs and feet
  • Women are less prone to stress fractures than men
  • Besides a special shoe or brace, complete rest is recommended for a stress fracture to heal

Plantar fasciitis

  • A ligament that connects the heel to the front of the foot – the plantar fascia
  • Additionally, it also supports the arch
  • Plantar fasciitis inflammation causes heel pain
  • Consequently, the pain is felt first thing when you get out of bed in the morning
  • The risk of plantar fasciitis remains increased with stress and strain

Shin splints

  • A throbbing or stabbing pain erupts inside the lower leg or the shin splints
  • Generally found in runners, shin splints are repetitive use injuries
  • Resting, stretching and applying ice help alleviate the condition
  • Subsequently, the risk of shin splints can be reduced with the use of proper athletic shoes

Speak to expert surgeons at Orthopaedics India at +918101555555, 24 x 7.