Introduction

  • Foot or ankle injuries including the toe, occur due to several possibilities. For instance:
    • Recreational activities or sports
    • Work-related projects
    • Or due to routine tasks around the house
  • Furthermore, ankle and foot injuries are some of the most frequently occurring musculoskeletal injuries

foot and ankle trauma

Types

Sudden injuries

  • Contusions or bruises: Extend to the toes due to the effects of gravity after an ankle injury
  • Ligament injuries: These support the joints
  • Puncture wounds: Wounds caused due to sharp objects for instance, nails, knives, ice picks, etc.
  • Achilles tendon: Ruptured heel tendon occurring commonly in children between the ages of 8 and 14 years
  • Sprains: Injuries to the joint, where a sprain may not heal even after basic treatment; a condition called osteochondritis dissecans
  • Strains: Also known as pulled muscles with a strain on the muscles of the foot and ankle
  • Broken toes: Consequent to fractures
  • Dislocation: When a bone moves out of position
  • Compartment syndrome: Which is primarily a crushing injury

Injuries due to overuse

  • Tendinopathy or Achilles tendinitis or tendinosis: Soft tissue breakdown around the Achilles tendon – it connects the heel bone to the calf muscles
  • Stress Fracture: Generally, a hairline bone crack
  • Retrocalcaneal bursitis: Inflamed bursa and also, swelling and tenderness, noticed at the back of the ankle and the heel
  • Plantar fasciitis: A broad ligament at the bottom of the foot that extends to the heel and base of the toes – the plantar fascia inflammation

Diagnosis

  • Specialists at Orthopaedics India will perform a physical examination
  • The amount of swelling and bruising – noted, assessed, and evaluated
  • An x-ray might be required to ascertain the presence of broken bones
  • Imaging scans, an MRI, for instance, will provide more details about the depth of the injury
  • A stress test performed for suspicions of a fracture

Treatment

  • Generally, over the counter medications for pain and swelling management should suffice
  • Fracture treatments – surgical or non-surgical
  • Ankle stabilization by using a plate or a brace that works like a splint
  • Alternatively, sprain treatments depend upon the severity of the injury

Call 24 x 7, Orthopaedics India specialists at +918101555555.