Introduction

  • Twist, fall or excessive force can lead to acute knee injuries
  • Likewise, it may sustain a direct blow from a solid object leading to trauma
  • When the knee is unable to handle such an action, it will result in injury
  • For instance, the meniscus or ligament could be torn
  • Generally, acute knee injury is a single incident and it is extremely important to speak to specialized surgeons at Orthopaedics India for a treatment pain.Acute Knee Injury

Types

  • A vast majority of knee injuries are attributed to sports, falls and accidents
  • Depending on the affected anatomy and mechanism of the knee, there are different types of injuries

Sprains

  • Ligaments are responsible for the adhesion of the knee
  • Many ligaments help in the stabilization of the knee and keep it aligned
  • For instance, the ACL or anterior cruciate ligament and the PCL or posterior cruciate ligament help the knee move front and backward
  • They cross each other in the middle of the knee joint
  • The MCL or medial collateral ligament and LCL or lateral collateral ligament – prevent sideways displacement of the knee
  • In Grade 1 knee sprains the ligament is painful due to stretching – no torn fibres visualized
  • Ligaments partially torn with mild evident instability in a Grade 2 knee sprain

Strains

  • Due to knee hypertension or hyperflexion, the tendons or muscles around the knee are stretched
  • This leads to dysfunction of the knee’s normal range of motion
  • Patellar tendon stretching visualized along the front of the tibial bone right from the kneecap

Bursitis

  • The bursa or fluid-filled pouch in the knee act as shock absorbers
  • They are responsible for minimizing friction between tissues
  • When irritated, infected and inflamed – known as bursitis

Meniscus tears

  • Semi-circular articular cartilages in the knee act as cushions to the femur or thigh bone
  • These are lateral and medial menisci
  • When injured acutely, they become dysfunctional – the situation may occur due to aging wear and tear as well

Osteochondritis dissecans

  • Common disorder occurring in children
  • Blood supply to the bone and cartilage – lost, consequently leading to pain and stiffness
  • While this can affect other joints as well, it primarily attacks the knee

Osgood-Schlatter disease

  • Another condition, most particularly occurring in children
  • Growth spurts lead to swelling that is present just below the kneecap

Treatment for knee injuries

  • At Orthopaedics India, we perform a complete diagnosis before arriving at a treatment plan
  • Once the imaging and x-rays confirm the condition the knee may be immobilized or splinted
  • This helps stabilize the knee and resting facilitates quicker healing.

Speak to expert consultants at Orthopaedics India to address acute knee injuries. Call +918101555555 at any time. We are available 24 x 7.